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Spanish Adverbs for Everyday Use

Why are Spanish adverbs so important in conversations and writing?
Adverbs are powerful words that help us find out when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something happens. For example, meeting up with a friend “aqui” or “here” would be much different than meeting them “alla” or “there”. Meeting up with a friend “ahora” or “now” would be different than “luego” or “later.” So now you can see that without a basic knowledge of Spanish adverbs, you can be quite left quite puzzled!

A trick to uncover Spanish adverbs

Almost any Spanish word that ends in “-mente” is an adverb. For example, “frequentemente/often” and “posiblemente/possibly” are examples of two adverbs. Use this method to spot adverbs in your reading or catch them in conversation. These words can be used to help describe to what extent an action is being performed, and lead to an overall better understanding of the topic.
Check out some examples of adverbs with “-mente” being used in a sentence. 
Terminaron el examen rápidamente.
They finished the exam quickly.
Los ninos jugaron alegremente.
The children played happily.
Comí el almuerzo lentamente.
I ate lunch quickly.
However, not all adverbs end in “-mente.” In fact, here are some adverbs you have probably already learned, such as, “poco/ little” and“mucho/a lot”. Check out the following common adverbs in this example conversation.
Anna:  “Hola, ¿como estas?”
Anna: “Hello, how are you?”
Maria: “Estoy mal, recibi los resultados de mi examen de matemáticas, y hice peor de lo que yo estaba pensando.”
Maria: “I’m not well, I received my mathematics exam results and I did worse than I thought.”
Anna: “Lo siento Maria. Pero no te preocupes. Eso pasa a veces, en el próximo examen, ganaras un calificación mejor.
Anna: “I’m sorry Mary, Don’t worry, that happens sometimes, on the next exam, you will get a better score.”
In this example, we see some adverbs of quality, such as “mal/bad”, “peor/worse” and “mejor/better”. There is also an adverb of time “a veces/sometimes” These words help us understand how Maria is feeling, and how Anna is able to provide some reassurance. Check out another example, and see how Adverbs are shaping our understanding in this conversation.
Carlos: “¿Cuando quieres ir al cine?”
Carlos: “When do you want to go to the cinema?”
Derek: “Me gustaria ir pronto, ¿y tu?
Derek: “I’d like to go soon, and you?”
Carlos: “Posiblemente puedo ir mañana. Tanto que deseo ir hoy pero, no tengo dinero. Mañana me van a pagar y podemos ir allá.
Carlos: “I can possibly go tomorrow. As much as I want to go today, but I don’t have money. Tomorrow they are going to pay me and we can go there.”
Derek: “Perfecto ¿Quieres reunirte allá o aquí en mi casa mañana?”
Derek: “Perfect. Want to meet up there, or here at my house tomorrow?”
Carlos: “Vamos a reunirnos aquí en tu casa media hora antes de ir al cine.”
Carlos: “We are going to meet up here at your house a half hour before we go to the cinema.”
As previously mentioned, it’s important to know that by saying “Aqui/here” that Carlos is letting Derek know that he is going to stop by his house on the way to the Cinema. This helps Derek understand where he will meet up with his friend.
Protip: Learn Spanish adverbs in context
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Learning in context helps you get a better understanding how adverbs are used and it will also help you understand how sentences are structured (ie: grammar).
LingQ has 100s of easy-to-follow Spanish mini-stories to help you read, listen, and save adverbs (and any other vocabulary you come across) all in one platform. LingQ’s text-to-speech feature and dictionary resources allow you learn faster by saving you time from looking up words in a dictionary. Also, it prevents you from disrupting your reading flow.
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Alright, now where were we?
Spanish adverbs of time are very especially common, and can help us understand when something is taking place or what a person’s routine or habits are.
Here’s another example with an adverbs of time:
Amy- “¿Vas al gimnasio después del trabajo?
Amy- “Do you go to the gym after work?
Dana- “Si, a veces
Dana- “Yes, sometimes”
In this case “a veces” could be replaced with numerous other adjectives, such as:
Frequently/Frequentemente
Always/Siempre
Rarely/Raramente
Never/Nunca
Now that you have learned some basic Spanish adverbs, you’ll know exactly when, how, where, how often, or to what degree actions are taking place in your spanish conversations!

 

A list of common Spanish adverbs

Last but not least, below is a list of common Spanish adverbs that you may want to add to your vocabulary.

here aquí
there allí
near cerca
in front delante
on top encima
inside dentro
ahead adelante
up arriba
above arriba
inside adentro
here acá
there allá
far lejos
behind detrás
underneath debajo
outside fuera
behind atrás
down abajo
below abajo
outside afuera
today hoy
tomorrow mañana
last night anoche
the night before last anteanoche
recently recientemente
briefly brevemente
daily diariamente
still todavía
never nunca
occasionally ocasionalmente
now ahora
yesterday ayer
the day before yesterday anteayer
previously previamente
currently actualmente
permanently permanentemente
frequently frecuentemente
already ya
always siempre
weekly semanalmente
very muy
a lot mucho
less menos
so much tanto
somewhat algo
too much demasiado
a little poco
more más
enough bastante
not at all nada
well bien
better mejor
fast rápido
quickly rápidamente
clearly claramente
beautifully bellamente
loudly ruidosamente
sweetly dulcemente
seriously seriamente
like this así
this way así
badly mal
worse peor
slowly lentamente
intelligently inteligentemente
carefully cuidadosamente
quietly tranquilamente
stupendously estupendamente
voluntarily voluntariamente
easily fácilmente
perhaps acaso
besides además
before adelante
around alrededor
often a menudo
before antes
rather en lugar
as soon as apenas
hence por lo tanto
hence de ahí
still aún
yet todavía
within dentro
after después
shortly en breve
then entonces
towards hacia
till hasta
until hasta
in the meantime mientras tanto
nor ni
neither ni
soon pronto
perhaps tal vez
so tan
so así
late tarde
early temprano
everyday todos los días
usually usualmente
generally generalmente
from time to time de vez en cuando
monthly mensualmente
seldom pocas veces
annually anualmente

 

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